Steven Plitt, Expert Witness Steven Plitt, Expert Witness
Insurance Bad Faith Claim Handling Expert Serving Clients Nationwide


Insurance policies are typically issued with a split limit. First, the policy will state its "per person" limit, which is the most the policy will pay for bodily injury damages to one person. Then, the policy will state a "per accident" limit, which is the aggregate of all claims arising from a single automobile accident. A question that often arises regarding split limits in automobile policies is whether loss of consortium damages are part of the "per person" limit assigned to the bodily injured claimant. In Jones v. IDS Property Casualty Insurance Co., 27 Cal.App. 5th, 625, 238 Cal.Rptr.3d 356 (3rd Dist. 2018), the California Court of Appeals held, consistent with the overwhelming majority of jurisdictions, that loss of consortium claims of one spouse are folded into the overall "per person" limit of liability policy limits under a standard automobile liability policy. The insureds argued that because the bodily injured spouse and the wife were two separate people, the aggregate limit applied and not the per person limit. However, this argument was rejected. Focusing on the language of the policy, the Court found that the express language of the policy, which stated that the per person limit applied to damages for bodily injury to one person, "regardless of the number of . . . claims, claimants . . ." meant that the "to one person" phrase in the policy modified "bodily injury." Based upon that interpretation, the per person limit applied to all damages, including loss of consortium, that arose from a bodily injury to one person. This was an expected result.

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